virtualpolitik

Elizabeth Losh, University of California, Irvine

Center for Studies in Higher Education
University of California, Berkeley
November 18, 2004

Separate University Cultures:

The Boyer Commission Report (1998)

Even the Virtual University is Bifurcated:

Going Digital: Distance Learning for the Masses vs. Text Encoding Initiatives for Scholars

Theories about Division:

Jürgen Habermas
Lifeworld uncoupled from System

Christine Borgman
How Users and Archivists are Different

Manuel Castells
The New Digital Divide: The Interacting vs. The Interacted
 
Siva Vaidhyanathan
Peer-to-Peer vs. Hierarchical Models of Organization (Anarchy vs. Oligarchy)

Elizabeth Losh

Institutions of Information vs. Institutions of Knowledge

Realpolitik
  in Virtual Institutions = Virtualpolitik


The Beginnings of S.P.I.D.E.R.:
Informal Collaborations in the Carpool Lane from Writing Program Administrators with Multidisciplinary Courses

Writing 39C (Ellen Strenski): A Library Research Writing Course [3,000+ students]
Humanities Core Course (Elizabeth Losh):  An Interdisciplinary Writing-Intensive Humanities Course [1,200+ students]

strenski     Losh

The Thought Experiment: What if you target the entire freshman class?

The First Virtual Research Project (1998-1999): [Google still in Beta!]

virtual research

Practical Problem Solving

Research served as a unifying theme for the campus: The UROP Model

There was a need for simulations and "serious play"; a "textbook" on research was impossible.

Large courses were hard on paper journals and other scholarly print materials

Search engines were shaping in-class behavior

Interactive quizzes indicated that students were more gullible than they realized: The Cloning Case Study

Hoax websites

Early Advocacy for "Hybrid" Instruction

Traditional Instruction: Emphasizes the teacher, the traditional archive of knowledge, and rhetorical situations.

Distance Instruction: Emphasizes the learner, digital resources and information literacy, and specific quantifiable learning outcomes.

Hybrid Instruction: Emphasizes the relationship between learner and teacher, the synergy between digital and physical archives, the dynamic of information and knowledge, and connections between rhetorical situations and learning outcomes. 

Electronic Educational Environments: Utopian narratives and the 1999 IFIP Working Groups Conference at UCI

Virtualpolitik
in Action: Practical Factors that Can Impede Digital Collaboration

Anxieties about "Work for Hire" and Definitions of Ownership

Merit and Promotion Systems for Writing Faculty Reward Single-Author Projects in Traditional Print Venues

Incentives to Contribute Intellectual Property are Small: The Balance of Use Value and Exchange Value

The Sweat Tax: Capital Investment in Human Resources

Administrative Suspicions of "Open Source" or "Peer-to-Peer"  Models: Legitimation Anxieties in the Academy


The Special Challenges to Large Courses:

The Split between Theory and Practice in the Field of Composition:
Rhetoric Research Faculty vs. Writing Program Administrators


Faculty Use of Digital Collections Not Integrated into Practices of Undergraduate Teaching:
Results from the Digital Resource Study Here at the Center for Studies in Higher Education

Prohibitions on Reading Associated with Space and Place

SPIDER

The S.P.I.D.E.R. Beta Site: Collaborations of Teaching Faculty and Librarians

Current Humanities Core Course Pedagogical Materials (password required)

Humanities Core Course Archived Pedagogical Materials (1998-2001 and 2001-2004)

Current Writing 39C Pedagogical Materials
(password required)

Writing 39C Archived Pedagogical Materials
(password required)

Sources for pedagogical materials

Press from the TLTC: 2001 and 2004

Into the Community

Extra Obstacles in the Case of S.P.I.D.E.R

Competition for Limited Funds: U.C. WRITE and C.P.R.

Anxieties from Collective Bargaining Units

New Professorial Appointments at UCI/UCR/UCSB vs. the U.C. Executive Writing Council traditionally based in UCLA/UCSD/UCSC

S.P.I.D.E.R.'s Second Life

Information Literacy Objectives

Getting the California Digital Library Used in Large Courses

Surprise Partners: The Special Collections Archive

Three Models for the Use of Digital Collections in the Library

The Supplementary Model: Electronic resources improve upon traditional paper indexes and finding aids to help users find library materials.

The Substitutive Model: Electronic resources solve problems of access posed by the physical archive and preserve documents from the rigors of use.

The Synergistic Model: Electronic resources encourage users to exploit the physical archive, and traditional bibliographies suggest new search strategies with digital materials.

Students also used the traditional library more when assignments incorporated research in digital collections.

Other Forms of Continuing Collaboration with Instructional Technology at U.C. Irvine:

Library/Teaching Faculty Collaborations

Undergraduates/Teaching Faculty Collaborations

Administrators/Teaching Faculty Collaborations

Research Faculty/Teaching Faculty Collaborations on "Hybrid" Learning Environments