Rhetoric Review:

An occasion, a generative timeliness, a specific rhetorical situation or context
There have been several rhetorical situations that we have examined in this class.  What are some of them?

Persuasive Appeals:
Logos, Ethos, Pathos
How do the arguments presented in this class use persuasive appeals?  How do governmental figures and critics of governmental policy differ?

The Canons of Rhetoric:
Invention, Arrangement, Style, Memory, Delivery
How would we evaluate the speeches we have read (by George W. Bush, Osama Bin Laden, etc.) by these critieria?

Branches of Oratory:
In classical rhetoric, oratory was divided into three branches:

  1. judicial oratory (or "forensic");
  2. deliberative oratory (or "legislative") and
  3. epideictic oratory ("ceremonial" or "demonstrative").
For both the analysis of speeches and for composing them, students were trained in recognizing the appropriate kind of oratory. Aristotle associated with each type of oratory an aspect of time (past, present, future), set purposes, and appropriate ("special") topics of invention:
branch of oratory
special topics
of invention
accuse or defend 
justice / injustice
exhort or dissuade
good / unworthy
advantageous / disadvantageous 
praise or blame
virtue / vice
There is little doubt that these categories do not exhaust the kinds of discourse (or even oratory) possible. Yet they still prove useful in rhetorical analysis, partly because they focus on common social situations where persuasion is important, and on broad categories of intention (the purposes listed above). 

The branches of oratory are closely tied to the process of establishing the issue at question, or stasis.

© 1996-2001, Gideon O. Burton, Brigham Young University
"Silva Rhetoricae" (http://humanities.byu.edu/rhetoric/silva.htm)
  Sources: Aristotle, Rhetoric 1.3; Cic. Top. 23.91 
What branches of oratory have we encountered in governmental and nongovernmental discourse?